Kalaripayattu: martial art form of Kerala

Kalaripayattu: sword against long cloth

Kalaripayattu: staff against dagger

As we drove up from the Periyar river to our hotel, Shankumar told us of a Kalaripayattu show which was held in this area every day. We’d heard that the martial art form of Kalaripayattu is at least 2000 years old. The dating is based on the fact that it is mentioned in the Tamil literature of the Sangam period, which lasted from about 300 BCE to about 300 CE. The form is said to have been elaborated in the 6th century CE. Subsequently it fell into obscurity, and was rediscovered in the 1920s during the Indian reawakening. Our little snippets of knowledge was due to the great interest in this art form generated by the fact that it has been used in several Bollywood films in the last decade or so.

Kalaripayattu: staff against handWe found the show completely engrossing. It is bit of theatre, with set pieces being worked out. The main instruments seem to be the hand, a sword or a dagger, a long staff, and a long piece of cloth. Use of some of these weapons without hurting each other requires collaboration and precision from those involved. The stunning acrobatics and leaps are apparently a feature of the northern Kerala style; the southern style concentrating more on contact and unarmed fighting.

The set pieces showed each of the weapons paired against another. The purpose of the lessons seems to be that no weapon is intrinsically less powerful; the skill with the weapon is what matters. We saw examples of an unarmed fighter disarming a person with a staff. Even more interesting was a long piece of cloth, either a turban on a cummerbund, being used to disarm a swordsman.Kalaripayattu: sword against long cloth The fights took place in a small sunken arena, the kalari.

But eventually, more impressive than the combat skills were the demonstrations of athleticism: the high leaps and the crawls along the ground. There was an exercise where an adept stood on his two legs, holding two swords in two hands, and leaning back to pick up a flower placed behind him in his lips. My abs ached just watching this!

As we exited, one of the boys asked me to put my pictures on the social medium of my choice. Here is my pingback to Kalari Kshethra, in Chithirapuram near Munnar.

Author: I. J. Khanewala

I travel on work. When that gets too tiring then I relax by travelling for holidays. The holidays are pretty hectic, so I need to unwind by getting back home. But that means work.

4 thoughts on “Kalaripayattu: martial art form of Kerala”

  1. Very informative, I look forward to reading more.

    I would appreciate it if you also once would visit my new blog and there is also “your” opinion would give even negative comments are welcome, because I have yet to learn a lot and often is it that you from negative comments more than learn from positive.

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    Have a nice day

    Theo Herbots


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